1. Download VirtualBox 6.10
Oracle VM VirtualBox is cross-stage virtualization programming. It permits clients to stretch out their current PC to run different working frameworks.It’s a GUI and command line tool that makes it deployable servers, desktops, and installed working frameworks as VMs that permits clients and administrator to effectively run various OS frameworks on a single host.
You can download the VirtualBox directly from the link VirtualBox and get started, follow below instructions
2. Download Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Distribution
Ubuntu based on Debian is a Linux distribution and composed mainly of free and open-source software. It is officially released in three editions with versions and Long Term Support (LTS): Server, Desktop, and Core for Internet of things devices and robotics, etc. All of the editions Server, Desktop and Core of Internet of things based Ubuntu can run on the computer alone, or in a virtual machine
You can download latest version of Ubuntu from this link Ubuntu and get started and follow the Instructions:
3. Installation of Ubuntu 20.04 on VirtualBox
When you downloaded the Latest VirtualBox and Latest Ubuntu Edition, We are prepared to begin the installation of Ubuntu on VirtualBox with simple, easy and least steps. Adhere to stepwise directions and don’t skip any steps
3.1 Create Virtual Machine
Open VirtualBox and click ‘New‘ to open a dialog box
3.1.1 Name and Operating system
Type Name for the virtual machine. Since I am planning to install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, so i’ll type Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. you can type any name of your choice.
Select Type: as Linux. Note that the virtual machine will automatically select the type as Linux and Version Ubuntu (64-bit)
Click on the Continue
3.1.2 Memory Size
Select the amount of memory you wish to allocate to the virtual machine. This memory allocation depends on the actual memory of your host machine. For example, If I am having 8 GB of RAM, I can allocate 4 GB of memory to virtual machine and will keep 4GB of the memory for my host machine Operating system. Recommended amount of memory will be displayed and you can go with the recommended amount of memory also.
Click to Continue
3.1.3 Hard disk
Select the default option ‘Create a virtual hard disk now’. If you have limited space and want to select the existing virtual hard disk file, you can select ‘Use an existing virtual hard disk file’
Click to Create
3.1.4 Hard disk file type
Select the default option ‘VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image)’
Click to Continue
3.1.5 Storage on physical hard disk
Select the Fixed size option which is often faster than Dynamically allocated option and may take some time to create on some system because of internal structure. We recommend to select Fixed size
You may also select Dynamically allocated option as per your requirement as virtual hard disk file grow as it is used.
Click to Continue
3.1.6 File location and size
Select the size of virtual hard disk and this is the amount of data of the virtual machine will be stored in host machine. Since the default size is 10GB and you can select as per the available storage of your host machine. If you have plenty of space you can select the better storage space of 50GB or 100GB. Though I have limited space in my host machine, so i am selecting the size of the virtual hard disk is 20GB.
You can select the location by clicking on the icon
Click on Create
3.1.7 Creating fixed medium storage unit '/Users/.../Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.vdi
On clicking of ‘Create’. It will be create a storage unit and virtual machine will be created
Create Virtual Machine Step is successfully completed. Now we have to install the Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on our virtual machine
4. Install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on VirtualBox 6.10
Select your new virtual machine created just now and click on Settings..
Select storage unit Controller: IDE’ then ‘Empty‘
Choose a disk file (*.iso) from the option shown below
Select the *.iso file and click on open
Once selected the Controller IDE: option will be ubuntu-xxxx (iso) file as shown below
4.1.2 Start a Virtual Machine
Click on ‘Start’
Virtual machine has loaded the ubuntu and is running. In the next steps we are going to install ubuntu on virtual machine and the steps are same for the installation of ubuntu on independent host machine.
4.1.3 Welcome Screen
Once the ubuntu iso file is fully loaded in virtual machine boot sector index, you will see the ‘Welcome’ screen
Here you note that you can ‘Try Ubuntu’ or ‘Install Ubuntu’
Please note that the installation process may be different from version to version but the most of the steps are easy to follow and here the screen shots are taken for Ubuntu 20.04. LTS
Click on ‘Install Ubuntu’
4.1.4 Keyboard layout
Select the Keyboard layout as per your country specific and you can test your keyboard
Click on Continue
4.1.5 Updates and other software
You can select the Normal installation / Minimum installation as per your requirement
You can select other options:
- Download updates while installing Ubuntu
- Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware and additional media formats
You can select default option also
Click on Continue
4.1.6 Installation type
Make sure the ‘Erase disk and install Ubuntu’ is selected as per screen default option and click on Install Now
4.1.7 Location - Where are you ?
Ubuntu being an intelligent OS will ask you few questions about your location. If you are good to go, you can go ahead
4.1.8 Who are you ?
Who are you?
Select your preferred name, computer’s name and password
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Installation process is started, Please continue until it finishes
4.1.9 Finish the Installation
After Installation process is complete. You need to reboot the system.
Click on Restart Now
When you get the below screen and it asks you to remove the installation medium, then
4.1.10 Login to Ubuntu OS
Enter the password you set while installation / user creation
The Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Desktop OS is ready to play with. You may find the desktop screen is too small and icons are very large. Don’t worry. You can solve this easily with installation of “VirtualBox Guest Additions”.
5. Additional Installations - Full Screen Ubuntu 20.04 LTS in VirtualBox 6.10
Before installing “VirtualBox Guest Additions”, you need to sure that current user ‘amulbhatia in my case’ must have sudo privileges. In order to get the sudo privileges, run the following terminal command with root privileges to enable the root privilege for the current user
If the current user is already having the sudo privileges, then it will throw a message that ‘The user ‘amulbhatia’ is already a member of ‘sudo’
Once the user is having the sudo privileges, you can install VirtualBox guest utils using the following terminal command.
Dont forget to enter the password on asking
If the above command shows the below error or message while executing
This system is currently not setup to build kernel modules.
you need to run the below mentioned command. if the command is executed successfully, you can skip the following command
Reboot the Machine. You will now have full screen of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on your VirtualBox,
If required you can set your resolution by going to Display Settings → Resolution and set accordingly
Ubuntu Linux OS 20.04 LTS has been successfully installed on VirtualBox with full screen
If you find any problem while installation, you can write down in the comment section, I’ll get back to you.